Harvard Referencing and Formatting – A Complete Guide
There are different citation and referencing styles to cite different sources in the research paper. The student must be aware of the different styles while writing a research paper. Harvard citation and formatting style is one of the most used citation styles. It is used to cite sources in different fields of education. It seems difficult but once the student starts working with it, it becomes easy for him. A good essay writer or researcher is one who knows how to utilize different styles of referencing and formatting. It is the most basic style of referencing and formatting and all researchers must have knowledge of it.
Harvard referencing and formatting style is really challenging for the students due to the technicalities included in it. If students are unable to write a paper in Harvard referencing and formatting style, they can get essay writing service from different service providers in the world. Different online websites or writing companies consist of expert writers who can provide customized papers to the students. You can hire a writer in order to get your customized paper or essay. If students possess good research skills, it is not difficult for them to develop an efficient paper. There are certain tips and techniques which students can follow to develop a good research paper.
In the academic sphere, most essay writer online tend to spend time on the introduction of their essays. This allows them to grab the attention of the readers. Writing without any proper planning would force the writer to take more time in writing his/her piece.
Try to arrange your material into categories related to different aspects of your argument. If you’re writing about a literary text, you might group your ideas into themes; in a history essay, it might be several key trends or turning points from the period you’re discussing.
It is the list of all sources you have used in the paper and is added at the end of the paper. This list includes the necessary information about the source like the name of the author, year of publication and the title of the source, etc. The reference list must be started from a separate page of the paper. The references must be arranged in alphabetical order if the author names. If the author names are missing, then the title of the sources can be used to arrange them in alphabetical order. The list of sources must be double spaced. It contains the full references of the sources which have been used in the in-text citation. All those sources which have been used in the paper need to be included in the reference paper. If you miss any of these sources to mention in your paper, it can deteriorate your whole research.
In-text citations are used if you have quoted someone's work or have summarized the ideas of others. In-text references are the type of references that are written within the text. In-text citation of the Harvard citation includes the surname of the author or editor, publication year, and the page number. It can be written as (Alex, 2016, p. 127). If there are more than pages which you are using, write pp instead of p in the in-text citation. In-text citations are very important because this highlights that in the specific part of your research you have utilized the work of different authors. It makes the research further strong and increases its credibility as well.
Two or Three Authors
When you have to cite two or three authors, use the surname of all authors.
(Alex, John and Marx, 2016, p. 123)
Four or more Authors
In case you have to cite four or more authors, write the surname of the first author followed by ‘et al’. (Alex et al, 2013, p. 134)
If the author’s name is not given in the source, you can use the title of the source in the in-text citation.
(World War, 2014, pp. 34-56)
Citing multiple Works
If you want to cite multiple works in one parenthesis, use semicolons between different references. (Alex, 2014, p. 123; Marx, 200; John, 1934, pp. 123-126)
Citing Secondary Source
In case you want to cite the secondary source first, you will write the original author which should be followed by the name of the author who has used it.
(Marx, 2001, cited in Alex, 2008, p. 123)
Citing Different Sources
The in-text citation remains the same for different sources. Follow the above-mentioned rules for all citations that would be differentiated in the reference list.
Reference with no Date
In case you have a source in which the date is not mentioned, you can simply miss the slot of the date. Write a citation without a date. (Alex, no date, p. 123)
Multiple works by the Same Author
If you have to cite the sources of the same author who has worked in the same year, use the letters a,b,c, etc. after every year. It is done in the referencing list when the sources are placed alphabetically.
(Alex, 2005a, p. 123) or (Alex, 2005b, p. 123)
If students remember all these things, it becomes easier for them to apply that style in their research. Even if you are an expert essay writer, you must also have knowledge of all these things included in referencing and formatting.
All these are the most important techniques and steps associated with Harvard referencing and formatting style. You can follow all these steps if any student asks you to write my essay with the Harvard citation style. If you do not use all these steps in your paper, it will lose your credibility and authenticity of working.
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